A psychosocial examination, using an interview and a questionnaire, reveals psychological factors. A man's sexual partner may also be interviewed to determine expectations and perceptions during sexual intercourse. online viagra without prescription buy viagra without prescription online Psychological therapy may be effective in conjunction with medical or surgical treatment. Sex therapists emphasize the need for men and their partners to be motivated and willing to adapt to psychological and behavioral modifications, including those that result from medical or surgical treatment. ED can affect intimate relationships and cause low self-esteem in men, as well as in their sexual partners. Smoking, alcohol abuse, and psychological factors, such as depression, stress, and anxiety, may increase the risk for erectile dysfunction. Common treatments for impotence include oral medications (e.g., sildenafil [Viagra®], tadalafil [Cialis®], vardenafil [Levitra®]), sex therapy, self-injections, vacuum devices, and in some cases, surgery. How to get cialis if you haven't prescription? buy discount cialis online In vivo CTL assay. The most common form of management in current practice is the use of one of the oral PDE-5 inhibitors. If one agent does not work adequately at its maximum dosage, another agent should be tried. Trying these medications 3-4 times is sometimes necessary before concluding that the therapy is ineffective. Men who have a vascular-leak (venous leak) phenomenon may need a constriction device placed at the base of the penis to maintain the erection, which may be effective by itself or in combination with a PDE-5 inhibitor. In selected cases, combination therapy with one of the PDE-5 inhibitors plus Yohimbine, MUSE, or intracavernosal injections can be tried. Although some men have taken two different PDE-5 inhibitors simultaneously, no evidence suggests any benefit and the risk of significant adverse effects is greatly enhanced. However, the use of both a shorter-acting agent and a longer-acting agent is not unreasonable at appropriate times and intervals as long as they are not taken together.